The skin never ceases to amaze us. It is the largest organ in the body and its main function is to protect us and act as a defense against external agents. That is why it is necessary to take care of it and maintain the balance of the microorganisms that live in it. In Lostao we have prepared this post where we tell you everything you need to know about the microbiota and microbiome of the skin: what they are and how we can promote their balance.
With an area of approximately 1.8 square meters, the skin, like all organs and systems of the human body, coexists in a complete ecosystem with a multitude of microorganisms (in our body there are over 100,000 billion bacteria).
The set of all these microorganisms and genetic material is called Microbiome and the microbial population in each ecosystem of the body, Microbiota.
There are numerous studies regarding the current knowledge of the skin microbiota. In this regard, we highlight the information disseminated by the organization Beauty Cluster Barcelona with extensive experience in the beauty sector and which summarizes the main characteristics:
- It is a supra-organism composed of microbial elements in constant communication with the skin.
- Each person has a different microbiota, determined from birth, which varies according to age, lifestyle and environment.
- The microbiota varies according to each area of our skin, adapting to its functions and characteristics.
- It affects our body, our immune response, and even our behavior.
- It is beneficial for our health since it executes functions that our genome has not developed and helps us against the invasion of pathogens.
Imbalances in the skin
What happens, then, when one of the species that make up the microbiota reproduces to the detriment of another? When an increase of a bacterial species is perceived, an imbalance in the microbiota is produced. This is what we commonly know as skin diseases.
If the ecosystem is not able to rebalance itself, problems such as atopic dermatitis, psoriasis, wounds that do not heal, poor healing and others arise. There are studies that relate the quality of the microbiota to the speed of healing of the wounds.
That is why biodiversity in the skin is necessary. Identifying imbalances and knowing how to treat them can be a key to mitigating alterations that are due to external factors such as pollution or UVA rays, as well as internal factors, lifestyle, stress, diet, among others.
This is why the world of beauty devotes all its knowledge and efforts to find cosmetic formulas that provide a necessary balance of the macrobiota, opting for natural components that respect the pH and avoiding aggressive products, parabens, mineral oils, artificial sulphate silicones. We recommend Natura Bissé‘s line Cocoon, Emma Hardie‘s cleanser Moringa Cleansing Balm with Cloth and Ella Baché‘s Serum Magistral Blanc de teint .
It is not only the improper application of products that can break the balance of the bacterial flora on the skin. Our habits of hygiene and daily care can also attack the skin more than they should and can destroy its flora. This is why we must always protect our skin, cleaning it constantly and taking the necessary precautions to strengthen its function as a defence and protection barrier.